Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Auto Glass District



I'm not the first person to call Mission Road between Marengo and Cesar Chavez the auto glass district.  Eric Brightwell put it on a map of L.A.'s Eastside.

In 2003, the L.A.Times called it the Windshield District in this article.

It is a land of giants and hand-painted signs.




 


More windshields than I would ever want to photograph--


Pictures of car parts--


A key shop, too


Behind the giant--



 All blessed by La Virgen de Guadalupe-



Only two buildings seem to have any kind of permanence--

 This sweet little deco building at 995, built in 1932, hidden behind the street trees, iron fence, light poles and signs.  Imagine it with a welcoming entrance.  It could be pleasant little office.  I wonder what it was in earlier days.



On Mission and Cesar Chavez Ave. is San Luis Auto Glass, built by Jose Arellano the street's "Godfather of Glass."  Arellano started in 1974 by renting a stall on Mission Rd. In 1985 he bought a gas station and junkyard. Eight years later, he had this warehouse built there. 

Here's the closest I got to an aerial view, from a steep hill I managed to climb.


 West of Mission Rd. it the Union Pacific Los Angeles Trailer and Container Intermodal Facility (LATC) site, popularly known as the Piggyback Yard. Beyond that is the L.A. River.  Lewis McAdams of FoLAR has envisioned this yard as an important part of River Revitalization, and it was included in the Army Corps of Engineers Alternative 20 for their work with the river.  Now there's a snag in the plan.  Union Pacific Railroad wants too much money for the property. When I imagine this as parkland, as the renderings show it, I see great opportunity for developers to buy up all the land the auto glass district occupies to build fancy apartments and condominiums, like the ones going up downtown.  
  

In the meantime, someone is keeping chickens on the bank above it.


Sunday, December 21, 2014

Gateways Apartments


Gateways Apartments looks like all the other new apartment buildings.  You wouldn't know you were in the skid row neighborhood. This is a housing complex built by the Single Room Occupancy Housing Corporation, one of the two major non-profit corporations providing housing for the recently homeless.  The other is the Skid Row Housing Trust, which built the Star Apartments. There were 500 applicants on the waiting list.  The 108 were selected as the most needy by the Coordinated Entry List


Skid Row, like every other place, has a history to untangle.  The banner on the building says S.R.O. Housing Corporation--30th Anniversary.  S.R.O. Housing Corporation was founded in 1984 by the Community Redevelopment Agency.  I was surprised to learn this.  The C.R.A. is not remembered kindly by me or by a lot of other people.  They were the ones who destroyed the Victorian houses on Bunker Hill, simultaneously destroying low rent housing and architectural masterpieces.  In some parts of town, old-timers still think C.R.A. stands for Chicano Removal Agency.  They went around declaring charming old neighborhoods to be slums and recklessly demolishing old buildings. 

 Apparently they had also done something good.  

They slowed down a little after the destruction of Bunker Hill in the late 60's, because it was taking longer than they expected to get new projects going, but they didn't give up.  In 1972 they came up with an 20 year plan.  They said downtown L.A. had a "dowdy" image.  They were going to build a 9 acre  park with a lake.  Central City East was their name for skid row.  They planned a university, peripheral parking facilities, housing and new civic buildings.  But first, the had to get rid of the people who were already there.  They urged "speedy treatment of Skid Row habitu├ęs to pave the way for rebuilding the key Central City East area."  Did they think they'd send them all to a rehab facility in Malibu, after which they would all lead normal suburban lives? These and other nefarious plans were fought in court, with the Catholic Worker, the Legal Aid Foundation and the Community Design Center leading the fight.  

By 1977, there was a new plan for Skid Row.  The officials  had come to believe that 60% or 70% of the residents were not alcoholics, but were elderly, disabled or just plain poor.  They conintued to use the same statistic until 1983, when they called the mentally ill the largest single group within the Skid Row population. They planned to  create a non-profit organization to build housing and a park for the non-alcoholic residents.  At that time, they thought the Volunteers of America might be the organization to run the housing. The first plan was for an 135 unit building bounded by 6th, 7th, San Julian and Wall streets.  The C.R.A. formed the Skid Row Development Corporation in 1978 with Martha Brown Hicks at its head.  The goals were to do some hotel rehabilitation, establish two parks, and provide street lighting and public rest rooms.  This was not undertaken entirely out of kindness.  It was the beginning of the policy of containment, to prevent the "derelicts" from wandering through the rest of downtown.  The C.R.A. Citizen Report said "the presence of skid row residents, as they stimulate fear, discourages attempts to revitalize daytime ad night time activity on the streets of downtown L.A."

They could not predict the impact Reaganomics would have on Skid Row. The increasing population of mentally ill homeless people has been attributed to both defunding of mental hospitals and the patients rights movement. I don't think it was only closing the hospitals that caused the problem. There was defunding of every kind of program to help any kind of person who wasn't perfectly able to care for him/herself.  Many cities saw a big rise in the number of people living on the streets.  The warm climate of Southern California was a magnet for the homeless of the nation, and skid row was where they ended up after they were moved from other parts of town.

In 1984, James M. Wood, head of the C.R.A. started the Single Room Occupancy Housing Trust with  Andy Raubeson of Portland in charge.  They opened their first renovated hotel in 1986.  In 1989, a 5 year moratorium on demolition of skid row hotels was declared.  It was reported that 2,000 units had been lost to demolition in the years 1969-1986.  There had been many more earlier in the 1950's, but no one was keeping count in those days of ruthless destruction.  Many of the adobes of Old Sonora Town, where Chinatown is now, were destroyed with no thought for their historic value.  Wood frame houses of any era were also considered fair game in those days. 

At present, they operate two hotels for emergency housing, two for transitional housing, and 24 for permanent supportive housing.  Each one of these places has its own history.  The Harold at 323 E. Fifth Street, was their second project and opened in 1987.  It has 58 units. Forty three of the units are for individuals with special needs and receive rental subsidies.


You can make a movie there.  The neon sign works.





The C.R.A. continued to provide acquisition funding for these projects until 2012 when the State of California disbanded The C.R.A. because of a state budget deficit.  There's now a local city C.R.A.  I'll have my eye on them.

Saturday, November 29, 2014

Manuel Gomez Cruz



I was driving on Cesar Chavez past Evergreen Cemetery when I saw this wall.  I had seen it before.



It was just before Christmas in 2010.  I saw a mural on Fresno, and turned for a closer look.  First I was impressed by the contrast between the Nativity Scene painted on the wall, and the Christmas decorations in the window.  Two versions of what Christmas means.


  I photographed the rest of the mural.  


Religious art fills many of the walls of Los Angeles.  This  L.A. Times opinion column includes this mural, and others.  I was impressed with the reverence.  I was sure the artist knew a lot more about the life of Christ than I do,  but it looked like he had never took a figure drawing class.  I photographed some of the details that didn't show well in the pictures of the whole wall.







I especially liked the way the screen was painted to depict Barabbas imprisoned.  


I googled the artist.

Manuel Gomez Cruz was a muralist from the early days of Chicano murals in Los Angeles.  I only became aware of this movement when I saw the murals of Ramona Gardens and Estrada Courts featured in the L.A. Times.  That was when I lived in a neighborhood that has officially declared it's not on the Eastside, but is nevertheless included in The Eastsider blog. The only thing it's on the east side of is Hollywood.  I admired the pictures in the paper, but I wouldn't see them until most were faded and gone, with only a few that had been restored. The east side and the west side are divided by not only culture, but that big traffic jam called "downtown."

Artist Sonya Fe remembered Cruz from their days at the Mechicano Art Center and wrote an article for KCET in 2012.  

He published two or more books-- A Chicano Christmas is in print again and available from SPARC.  Cholito and the Artist is out of print, but available at Los Angeles Public Library.  

"To ace out a homeboy from another barrio is to kill La Raza" was painted at Ramona Gardens in 1974.  I found this picture of it on Pinterest.


I went to see whether it is still there.  This is what I found-


I didn't even recognize it until I uploaded the photo.


I looked at the lists of where his murals had been. I've checked many but not all of the locations.  I found this mural at the Moctezuma Cafe in Bolye Heights.  If they'd been open, I would have eaten there.  It's not completely free of tagging, but looks like its being regularly maintained. According to the signature it was originally painted in 1981and restored in 1996.




There are different versions of what happened when Cortez encountered Moctezuma in 1519. This one shows the Aztecs putting up a good fight against the Spanish invaders.



Carlos Duran worked on this section in 2005.

I haven't learned anything about Carlos Duran except that he worked with several artists on a mural called "Inspired by Siqueros" in Culver City.  

He also did this wonderful mosaic, "La Cometa."



Eric Huerta posted a wonderful link on Facebook with pictures of many L.A. murals taken between 1998 and 2002.


Cruz painted these at the  La Princesita Carniceria on Cesar Chavez Ave. One and another.